Art is one of history’s most significant factors, as it can change with cultural and environmental transformations. Many individuals have led the way in making these transformations, and the following influential art movements included some of the best creations throughout history.
The Renaissance Era
During the Renaissance period, artists were able to transcend artistic boundaries. This led to the development of various forms of art, such as nudity. Although nudity had been in art before, the Renaissance saw it evolve into something more realistic. This period lasted for two centuries, from around 1400 until 1600.
During this period, some of the most prominent artists were Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, Raphael, and Michelangelo. These individuals were known for their skill and were often asked to create art for the Roman Empire.
The Baroque Era
Works during this period exhibited a variety of styles and colors, and they often featured a depth of contrasts and color. This movement was influential from around 1600 until 1750. Baroque art was very dynamic and often featured highlights and shadows.
This style was commonly seen in works such as Caravaggio’s “The Conversion of Saint Paul,” Gian Lorenzo Bernini’s “The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa,” and Diego Velazquez’s “Las Meninas.” The Catholic Church also heavily influenced this movement. Many of these pieces had religious backgrounds.
The Romanticism Era
The Romantic period, which lasted from 1750 to 1850, made its mark in the art world. This movement emphasized imagination and creativity to create a mood instead of merely portraying an event or object. One of the unique aspects of this era was that many artists took part in Plein-air paintings. They were able to show their reverence for the surroundings.
The Realism Era
The introduction of modern art occurred during this period. Realism was first introduced in France in the 1840s. It was focused on capturing the everyday life of people. During the 1900s, this style started to decline, but it could still create the foundation for the subsequent movement.
The Surrealism Era
Surrealism, which started in 1916, peaked in 1950. This style sought to put paint on canvas and reject rationalism. During this period, artists such as Max Ernst and Salvador Dal took advantage of the ideas of imagination to create extreme works. Philosophers also questioned the accepted standards of the time.